This is a fact that every woman should know cervical cancer is usually deadly. Although statistics on this type of cancer are terrifying, the symptoms of cervical cancer (also known as cervical or cervical) can be prevented and treated, if detected early.
Cancer cervical is typically occurred by HPV or human papillomavirus which is so dangerous. This virus is an STI (sexually transmitted infections). It has many types, but a few cause cervical cancers. An HPV infection can vanish on its own or cause abnormal incensement of cells that lead to cervical cancer.
Most women have no symptoms or signs of early-stage of cervical cancer or pre-cancer. The symptoms usually don’t come until cancer scatters to other tissues and organs that are until a pre-cancer actually becomes invasive cancer.
It is cancer that begins in the cervix, the lower part of the uterus (womb) that drains into the upper part of the vagina.
Causes of Cancer cervical
Globally, cervical cancer is considered as the third most common cancer in women. It is much less common in the United States because of the routine use of vaginal cytology (Pap smears).
Cervical cancers are found in the cells of the surface of the cervix. Usually, two types of cells on the surface of the cervix are seen such as columnar and squamous. Most cervical cancers come from squamous cells.
The improvement of cancer cervical is typically very slow and starts as a precancerous condition called dysplasia. This condition may be detected by vaginal cytology and it’s 100% curable. Basically, for dysplasia, it takes few years to develop into cervical cancer. At the present time, most women who are diagnosed with cervical cancer, it might be they haven’t undergone in regular vaginal cytology or have not been followed up for abnormal cervical cancer results.
However, all cervical cancers come up with human papillomavirus (HPV), a dangerous virus that spreads in the time of sexual intercourse. There are various kinds of HPV, and some of them cause cervical cancer. But others can cause genital warts, and a few of them don’t.
A woman’s sexual patterns and habits may enhance her risk of cervical cancer. Risky sexual practices include:
- Very risky if any woman gets sex in an early stage of her life.
- If she makes sex with different partners
- Getting multiple partners or a partner participating in high-risk sexual activities
- Other risk symptoms for cervical cancer such:
- Not having the HPV vaccine
- Be in unfavorable economic conditions
- Getting a mother who took the DES medication (diethylstilbestrol) in time of her pregnancy in the early 1960s to stop a miscarriage
- Weakened immune method
The common symptoms of cervical cancer
Abnormal vaginal bleeding, such a
- Start bleeding after intercourse (vaginal intercourse),
- Start bleeding after menopause,
- You will notice spotting and bleeding between periods and the periods that last longer
- Or with bleeding more profuse than usual
- Bleeding after a vaginal shower or after the pelvic exam is a common symptom of cervical cancer, but not pre-cancer.
- An unusual vaginal discharge (the discharge can occur in some blood and it may be between your periods or after menopause).
- You will get pain during sexual intercourse (vaginal intercourse)
- Longer and more abundant menstrual bleeding than usual,
- Bleeding after vaginal lavage or after a pelvic exam
- Increased vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor
- Contact bleeding (a more common form is bleeding after intercourse).
- Watery vaginal discharge
- Pain in the lower abdomen, back or pelvis
- Problems urinating
- Problems defecating
- Swelling of the legs
These cervical cancer symptoms or sigh may also occur under other conditions. For example, you can get pain or bleeding by infection. However, if you suffer from any of these problems, you should consult your doctor immediately (even if you have been regularly having Pap tests).
If it is an infection, you will need treatment. If it is cancer, ignoring the symptoms can allow cancer to progress to a more advanced stage and reduce its chances of an effective treatment. It is best not to wait for symptoms to appear. Have the tests done regularly?
The diagnosis of cervical cancer
For the majority of the women, the first sign of cervical cancer appears when changes are recognized through a Pap test (vaginal cytology); a routine test which shows for cancerous and precancerous modification in the cells of the cervix. If a Pap test discloses abnormal cells, more tests are done to determine a diagnosis. Additional tests can be performed are:
– Colposcopy: It is performed by using an instrument with light to closely experiment the cervix. A camera can be attached to the instrument.
– Biopsy: It is the extraction of a small sample of tissue for later experimentation by a pathologist. This formula is usually done without anesthesia. And it causes minimal pain or bleeding. It’s possible to accomplish the biopsy during a colposcopy.
You should follow the advice below
You should tell your doctor if you have any of these symptoms of cervical cancer. When these symptoms appear, it’s important to consult with your doctor about them even if they resemble the symptoms of other less serious illnesses. Early diagnosis and treatment, especially in the early stages of cancer or in the precancerous stage, improve the chances of preventing or curing cancer.
If you’re worried about any changes you have experienced, talk to your doctor. And the doctor will ask you when and how often you have had the symptom among other questions. This is to help figure out the cause of the problem such as diagnosis.
If cancer is perfectly diagnosed, symptom relief remains a significant aspect of cancer care and treatment. This can also be called palliative care, symptom management, or supportive care. Make sure to consult with your health care team about the symptoms you are experiencing, including any new symptoms or a change in symptoms.