Major depression disorder (MDD), or we call it depression is a cruel reality of today’s world. We have heard or seen people suffering from this deadly experience of major depression with psychotic features. It is also a mental depression or economic depression. Sometimes we treat them as mad, but these depressive people are not mad at all. Anyone can suffer from depression. It depends on that person’s mental strength to handle the problem.
What is Major Depression?
Major depression or depression is a mental disorder. In the state of depression a person has a low mode in many situations. This sadness lasts for at least two weeks. It has some other sides’ likes’ low self-esteem, loss of interest in normal enjoyable activities.
Major Depression is also commonly known as Major Depressive Disorder or “clinical depression”. In non-medical community, most of the people use the word Clinical Depression. However, major depression disorder symptoms are very severe and be inclined to control people’s lives. These symptoms contain weight loss, negativity, loss of sex drive, sadness, insufficient confidence and failure to focus. At this point, self-harms or even suicide are common for some cases.
Depression is a matter to worry, according to the Journal of the American Medical Association. In the United States, more than 20-26% women and 8-12% men suffer from depression in their life. This is not a vast majority. But it is enough to create concern. According to a report of The U.S. Census Bureau Population in 2005 the maiden age of depression is 32. It is an important concept that women are suffering from depression more than men.
Symptoms of Major Depression
The main symptom of major depression is depressed feelings in interest even in some enjoyment moment. These symptoms are given below:
- Sleeping difficulty or increase rate of sleeping
- Energy loss or fatigue
- Difficulty in making decisions
- Suicidal thoughts
- Irrelevance, decline of self-esteem and feelings of fault
Depression in Medical Term
Depression is generally described as feeling unhappy, sad, miserable, or often down in the dumps in medical term. Almost all of us can suffer from this condition one time for short periods.
Clinical depression method is one kind of mood disorder. For this, people can suffer from sadness, anger, loss, or frustration in their daily life. It can occur for some weeks or more.
Major depression, is also known as unipolar or major depressive disorder. The unipolar imply a difference between major depression and bipolar depression. These drag a thin line between depression and mania. Medical community understands the major depression very well. It has some advance treatment methods.
What is major depressive disorder with psychotic features?
The major depressive disorder with psychotic features is also commonly known as psychotic depression. It is one kind of serious illness. At this time, the affected people suffer from psychosis and depressed mood of combination. The psychosis is generally showing itself as one type of nihilistic mistakes. It means that some bad things going to happen.
Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder With Psychotic Features
The treatment procedure of psychotic depression has not gone so far like other psychiatric disorders. It can’t provide the same prevalence and also residues in the underdiagnosed and also on going treatment of psychiatric disorder.
The maintenance and optimal continuation therapy for the psychotic depression has make a great concern. The main reason behind this is that the excess waning observed in your psychotic depression naturalistic follow-up studies. There are also some other concerns that contain chronic course, increasing high amount of death rates, and extreme extrapyramidal symptoms.
Types of major depression disorder
Social anxiety disorder (sad) and general anxiety disorder (gad) are two common types of major depressive disorder.
Social anxiety disorder
Social anxiety disorder (SAD), also known as social phobia, is one type of anxiety disorder. In this condition, a person finds difficulty in socializing with other. However, they fear in one or more kinds of social situations. It can cause great distress and reduced ability to work in some parts of our daily life. It is called social anxiety disorder. Therefore, these fears may be triggered by certain inspection from others. Though there is no stereotype of the anxiety symptoms, here are some physical symptoms of social anxiety.
- Profuse sweating
- Nausea or other abdominal distress
- Dizziness or dizziness
- Trembling rapid heartbeat
- Shortness of breath
- Feelings of detachment and loss of self-control
General anxiety disorder
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is an anxiety disorder. In this depressive disorder, people suffer from uncontrollable, excessive and irrational worry. It is uneasy hope about some activities or events. These excessive worries often delay with regular functioning. The GAD affected people can expect disaster, and also are worried about daily matters. However, there can be remaining family problems, health issues, death, money, social relationship problems, friendship problems, or other difficulties of work. Here are some specific symptoms of GAD
- Feeling nervous or anxiety on edge
- Difficulty concentrating or mind going blank
- Being fatigued in simple matter
- Muscle tension
- Sleep disturbance. For this reason, people can feel difficulty falling or often staying asleep
- For unsatisfying sleep, they feel restless
- Nausea, diarrhoea or irritable bowel syndrome
Why people suffer from depression?
There are two types of depressions, major depression and great depression. But there is no special reason why people suffer from major depression. Nevertheless, the reason for the great depression or economic depression is the imbalance money distributing system.
Depression and Causes
Here are the causes of two main categories of depression.
- Major depression: There are no specific causes of major depression. In fact, it is still unknown to all. However, physiatrists think some certain things like; chronic health problems, genetic, environment, major changes in life, substance abuse, emotional trauma and many things.
- Great depression: The great depression or “economic depression” was the simple worldwide economic downfall in the 1930s. It was started in about 1929 and then lasted till late-194. Most of the people think that it was one of the deepest, longest and the most common depression of 20th century. This great depression is considered as one example of the world’s economy decline in the 21st century.
This exact economic event is like the stock market crash is a cause of great depression. There was found an early stock market crash which caused a “panic sell-off” of the assets. Moreover, it results in decrease in overall asset and product prices that dramatically drops according to demand and credit. However, this disorder of trade can happen for some certain causes. Finally, it will result in common unemployment and poverty. About 13 million people were often unemployed by 1932.
Additionally, the major cause of the great depression was the United States major fall in the stock market on September 4. Then it became the worldwide news with stock market bang on October 29 and government’s economic policies. It was known as Black Tuesday. Because of the crash of “wall street” in New York over 13 million people lost their job. At that time, they fell into a great financial crisis. However, there are two kinds of classical challenging theories of Great Depression. These are the monetarist explanation and the Keynesian or demand-driven. There are several heterodox theories that downplay or reject the explanations of the Keynesians and monetarists.
Irvin Fisher, a renowned economist gives some causes of great depression
- Debt closing and also distress selling
- A fall in the level of asset prices
- The money supply contraction as like as bank loans are paid off
- Many people fall in worth’s of the business. Finally, it causes bankruptcies
- Profits falls
- A fall in trade, in output and in the employment.
- Loss of confidence and pessimism
- Sign of money
- Rise in a reduction of adjusted interest rates and reduction of nominal interest rates
It does not matter what types of depression people suffer from. Both of these have an impact in our society. These depressions managed to leave its effect in our society. We all have joined our hand together to solve these problems and help the depressive people.