What is Colon Cancer and Polyps?
Colon cancer is a dangerous disease. Colon cancer or colorectal cancer is also known as bowel cancer. It upsets the colon or large bowel and rectum or back passage. It usually produces very leisurely above an era or up to 10 years. Earlier it starts to feast and upset other parts of the human body.
The symptoms of colon cancers start as kind of blameless development which is known as polyps. Polyps are also known as Tumors. Polyps are like minor acne on stubbles. Most of the small acne doesn’t create any symptoms. However, Polyps are common as human body become older and maximum tumors are not pre-cancerous.
But one kind of tumor known as adenoma can become harmful. If the colon tumor left the hidden cancer cells, it would increase to produce a tumor in the bowel, affecting pain and bleeding.
The colon cancer shows some symptoms before finally affecting. If unprocessed, the polyp can rise into the partition of the bowel or affect the back path. When cancer cells are in the partition, they can explore the circulation or else into the lymph nodes. From the circulation and lymph nodes, the cancer cells can explore other parts of the human body.
For colon cancer, the maximum common spaces for bowel cancer cells to blowout are the liver and the lungs. For colon cancer, the method of the feast is known as metastasis.
All the polyps or tumors are harmful or not?
Colon cancer is a disease of the large intestine, which is also counting the colon and rectum. All kind of diseases creates when cells grow violently to procedure a mass of cells mentioned as a polyp. Polyps are not aggressive, and polyps can be removed if they cause uneasiness.
Colon cancer can touch both men and women. It is the third most common cancer. A report shows, in the United States it is the second important reason for cancer-related deaths. All cancer-related diseases start with mistakes or changes in the DNA of human body cells.
Some changes are not harmful, but the other changes can disturb the procedures that control cell division and maintenance, hence permitting free cell development. Though the full system that is the main cause to start colon cancer is not completely understood, some critical issues must be considered.
Causes of Colon cancer
The colon cancer symptoms and cause are numerous. The critical issues are genetic disorders, chronic irritation, daily life, age, race and personal and family history.
The genetic disorder is a reason for colon cancer. The genetic disorder is two congenital syndromes that consequence from defective DNA segment functions which are related to colon cancer. They are known as Familial Adenomatous Polyps (FAP) and non-polyposis colorectal cancer which is also called Lynch disorder.
FAP leads more than hundreds of tumors in the colon, some of this tumor converted to cancerous. Chronic irritation is also a reason for colon cancer. Chronic irritation is that when an illness causes a chronic irritation in the colon. It is one of the main reasons for a greater chance of colon cancer. These contain ulcerative colitis which is a breakdown in the coating of the colon.
There are also diseases known as Crohn’s disease which can upset any part of the gastrointestinal area from mouth to anus. Equally ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s are kinds of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
Daily life is a primary reason for colon cancer. The everyday lives lead a higher risk of increasing this disease. It also related to fatness, an absence of physical activities, using heavy alcohol, smoking and a regime little in fiber, vegetables, and fruits, however high in fat.
Colon cancer is a common disease in persons who are above 50. In the United States of America (USA) African Americans ensure the maximum rates of colon cancer. The chance of increasing colon cancer in the human body is better in females who have or had uterine or breast cancers.
A family past growths somebody’s chances of growing this disease because of shared genetic and ecological issues. Persons who have or had colon cancer are at a bigger risk for repetition. These are the causes of colon cancer.
Colon cancer symptoms
By way of the colon cancer developments, the colon cancer creates some symptoms. The symptoms of colon cancer are Blood-stained stools, Diarrhea or constipation, Feeling full or overstuffed; Feeling of rectal roundness, gas ache, and spasms, mysteriously weight loss and seasickness and vomiting.
Diagnosis and medical tests for detecting colon cancer
Once the patient or the specialist can see the symptoms of colon cancer, the patient needs to do some medical tests. There are several ways to analyze the disease known as colon cancer like some medical tests. The medical tests are the fecal test, sigmoidoscopy, CT scan, and colonoscopy.
A fecal test is a lab test that used to check stool samples for hidden blood. Occult blood in the stool may specify colon cancer or tumors in the colon or rectum (not all cancers or tumors bleed).
Sigmoidoscopy is a process, where a specialist or nurse looks into the rectum and sigmoid colon or rectum by using a gadget which is known as sigmoidoscopy. In this procedure called sigmoidoscopy, a flexible, lighted pipe with a camera is implanted into the rectum and lower colon to look for tumors. This gadget is also skilled for eliminating tissue as samples for more testing.
Colonoscopy is a test that permits patient’s doctor to look at the inner coating of the large intestine. For this test colonoscopy they doctor uses a reedy, stretchy pipe which is known as colonoscopy to look at the colon.
The polyps can be noticed by a kind of computerized tomography scan called CT scan. The CT scan makes the 2-3 dimensional view of the colon. The method is also known as virtual colonography. It is another way to the more aggressive colonoscopy.
Stages of colon cancer
When the specialists discover cancer, then the specialist will find out the stage. To stage cancer, many imaging methods and operation are completed.
Adenocarcinomas are usually staged from 1-4, and a Stage 0 means cancer hasn’t feast outside, the secretion coating of the colon.
If it is stage 1, then cancer has the feast to the submucosa layer however not the lymph nodes.
If it is stage 2, then it means cancer has the feast to the furthest layer and maybe nearby tissues however not the lymph nodes.
If it is the stage 3, the disease has the feast over all layers of the colon partition and also to some lymph nodes or maybe nearby organs.
If it is the stage 4, then cancer may be or maybe not have attacked the colon partition or maybe the feast to lymph nodes however it has metastasized to detached organs.
How to avoid colon cancer
Before showing the symptoms of the colon cancer, there are some ways to avoid this dangerous disease.
The colon cancer is showing in people after the age of 50 or those with known serious issues is the key to quick discovery. Nonparticipation can abridge the danger of increasing colon cancer from smoking; keeping a fit body and healthy weight and eating a meal that is great for fruits and vegetables but little in fat.