Allergic Reaction Rash- Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment Pocedures

Some people have hypersensitive immune system. When these people come to contact with some certain things in the environment, they suffer from any allergic reaction rashes. But these things do little or no harm to most of the other people.

An allergic person is hypersensitive when he or she comes in contact with certain things. These things are dust, pollen, some foods, medicines and some kinds of pet animals. These substances are called allergens. When person’s body reacts to these substances, it causes allergic reaction rash.

An allergic person can inhale, touch and eat these allergens that cause an allergic reaction.  A recent research of The American Academy of Asthma, Allergy & Immunology (AAAAI) says that about 50 million people in the U.S.A. suffer from various types of allergic reaction.

According to allergy statics (AAAI), allergies are increasing and children are the main victim. There are about 40 percent of children suffers from allergic reaction rash when adults are 30 percent.

Allergic Reaction Rashes and Causes Behind       

Many types of researches have been done to find out the real cause of allergic reaction rash. But none of them give any accurate reason why some people experience allergies. These researches give an idea that D.N.A. has a very important role in this regard. People inherited allergies from their close family members.

However, there are some certain substances that can work like a trigger point for an allergic person. Here are some examples of these things.

  • Bee stings or bites from other insects
  • Certain foods, including nuts or shellfish
  • Certain medications, such as penicillin or aspirin
  • Certain plants
  • Pollen or molds
  • Dust
  • Pet dander

Types of allergic reaction that people suffer

There are no specific stereotypes of the allergic reaction that people suffer from. But there is a certain way to identify allergy and get an easy start for the process of treatment. Here are some common types of allergic reaction.

  • Skin allergy: There are many types of allergic reaction on skin. Some of these are contact dermatitis, cosmetic allergy, nickel allergy, hives or angioedema. Some people are even allergic to sunlight. But it is very rare types of allergic reaction.
  • Food allergy: Some people bodies react on pretty much dangerous on some types of foods. Most common foods that trigger the allergic reaction are milk, nuts, fish, wheat, soy, egg and casein.
  • Medication allergy: Some medicines can cause an allergic reaction. These are aspirin, penicillin, antibiotics, anti-seizure drugs, and insulin.
  • Eye allergy: One form of eye allergy is It is also called pink eye. It is one of the most common and treatable eye conditions among children and adults.
  • Seasonal allergy: Seasonal allergy can be divided into 4 categories.
    1. Summer allergy,
    2. Spring allergy,
    3. Winter allergy and
    4. Fall allergy.

This allergic reaction is different from person to person.

  • Animal allergy: Some animal work as a trigger point for an allergic reaction. Though these pet animals are generally harmless, but sometimes their single touch can be the reason of death for an allergic person. The most common animal that work as allergens are dogs, cat, rabbit, horse and many more. Anything of these pets can be the trigger. It can be saliva, hair, urine and sometimes touch.

Symptoms of Allergic Reaction Rashes

The allergic reaction can be divided into two categories. They are mild or severe allergic reaction. If someone reacts to an allergen for the first time then it will come in mild category. But it can be worst when an allergic person comes to the allergen several times.

Common symptoms of a mild allergic reaction are:

  • hives (these are itchy like red spots on the skin)
  • nasal congestion (known as rhinitis )
  • itching
  • scratchy throat
  • rashes on skin
  • watery or itchy eyes
  • rashes on face
  • bumps on skins

The following symptoms show the severe allergic reactions affected people:

  • abdominal cramping or pain
  • difficulty swallowing & breathing
  • dizziness (vertigo)
  • fear or anxiety
  • flushing of the face
  • nausea or vomiting
  • swelling of the face, eyes, or tongue
  • weakness
  • unconsciousness

Diagnosing allergic reaction rash

Diagnosing allergic reaction rashes can be difficult than taking a blood test. Therefore, send the patient to home with prescription slip. However, an expert uses some methods to diagnosis patient’s allergy. Here are some of the most trusted methods.

  • Skin allergy test (also called skin hole test)
  • Blood test (when the skin test is not possible)
  • Studying patients allergic symptoms
  • Using allergens
  • Taking the patient medical history

Treatment and Facts

Allergic reaction rashes can be treated both medically and personalize the environment. While medical treatment can be an easy relief but it is costly. But personalize environment according to patient’s needs is cheap. But it is a long-term process with many benefits.

  • A cool compress can be the best immediate treatment for allergic reaction rash on the skin.
  • Antibiotics are the immediate solution for the allergic reaction such as bumps, rashes.
  • Antifungal medicines are the best treatment for fungal infection.
  • Keep a humidifier on while sleeping.
  • Apple cider can reduce allergic reaction bumps.
  • Corticosteroid creams or ointments can be used for allergic reaction on the skin. It relives and also stops spreading allergic reaction rashes.
  • Natural plants like Aloe Vera are one the best treatment for allergic reaction on face.
  • Baking soda can help skin rashes dry out. But leaving it for too long on the skin can cause irritation.

Where and whom to go for help

Suffering from allergies has become a common problem. There are many people and places where an allergic person can get help. An allergist is a right person for diagnosis and treatment of asthma and other allergic diseases. A dermatologist can help a lot for the allergic reaction on the skin. Nowadays almost every city hospitals have specialist allergist or ward for allergy.

Prevention is better than cure

Allergic reaction skin rash has a link with D.N.A. So, when someone in the family suffering from allergy, others should be careful. There are certain ways to avoid becoming a victim of allergies. Self-maintenance, yoga, damp-dressing and most important avoids the contact with allergens.

 

About Md Shafiul Islam 76 Articles
About the Editor-in-Chief Md Shafiul Islam is a professional blogger, editor, and researcher. Though he is B.S.C in textile engineering, he has special knowledge about health-related blogging. He has 5 years freelance writing experience in the different freelancing marketplace. With his huge online business promotion knowledge, he is trying to build one of the largest health blogs. In this case, his sister who is an M.B.B.S doctor helping a lot to get suitable and accurate information. Now he is working in one reputed company and also involved with some famous companies in Bangladesh.